Oil painting techniques and materials
As an artistic language, oil painting includes color, light and shade, lines, texture, brushwork, texture, light perception, space, composition and many other modeling factors, the role of oil painting techniques is to shape the factors integrated or focused individually reflected , The performance of oil painting material fully provides the possibility of using oil painting techniques on a second-degree flat foundation. The process of oil painting is that the artist consciously master the oil painting material, choose and use the creative process which can express the artistic thought and form the artistic image. Oil painting not only expresses the artist's ideological content, but also shows the unique beauty of oil painting u2500 u2500 painting.
Emulsion material is a kind of excellent traditional material with a long history, which has got a new development in modern times. The emulsion-type material is a mixed-type material containing both a water-based and an oil-based component, and the advantages of both are also met. A variety of Tampere painting materials such as egg color, cheese color and wax materials are all emulsion series. Emulsion material can be diluted with water, drying speed, similar to water-based materials; can be thick opaque coating, dry and insoluble in water, but also has the advantages of oil-based materials. All kinds of modern propylene, ethylene synthetic pigments retains the characteristics of traditional emulsion materials, but also has the advantages of oily materials, and there are other materials can not replace the effect, is a great development of new materials.
The use of oily materials and natural resins as the main medium for painting is oil painting, which is the traditional egg color and egg white and other emulsion-based materials evolved. Oily material is characterized by slow drying, shiny and can be covered repeatedly coated with thick. Oily material has a strong expression and rich technical effect, it can be said that almost all the other materials and paintings include the technical characteristics of species. The characteristics of the oily material allow to delineate the shape of the object in depth, which can show the rich and lifelike color relation of the object, which accords with the desire of the people to reproduce the visual reality in the 14th century and promote the development of the western painting to the realism. Oil painting has been in the Western painting after the birth of the dominant position, and worldwide development, which also proved the superiority of oily materials. The transition from water-based materials to oily materials is a long process of change that has lasted for thousands of years and is a major breakthrough in painting techniques and even in art history. The use of oil and resin is one of the important features that distinguishes western painting material techniques from oriental painting techniques.
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio art
The earliest use of human pigment is based on water-soluble materials. It is natural that diluents and binders, such as water, gum or animal gum, were naturally used in the early paintings as natural pigments. They were easy to draw and simple to use, which was consistent in the early Eastern and Western paintings. Today's watercolors and gouache pigments are all water-based media, the expression of free, smooth, can produce light, transparent effect, but also Chinese painting, Japanese painting and other oriental painting the main material type.
Oil painting materials
Oil painting materials can be divided into base material, oil paint and media agent material three categories. Substrate material refers to the backing material that carries the paint layer and the base paint. Oil paint is the main material that directly expresses the color and texture effect of painting. Media agent material is used to adjust the pigments and make it together with the base material of the various diluents, binders and polish and so on.
Oil painting techniques and materials